The research borehole drilled in 2006 by the Hessian Agency for the Environment and Geology (HLUG) north of Viernheim (Hessisches Ried) reached a total depth of 350 m, and penetrated high resolution fluviatile and limnic-fluviatile sediments (0 to 225 m) of Pleistocene age, and partially highly pedogenically overprinted limnic-fluviatile sands, clays and silts of Pliocene age (225 to 350 m). The Pliocene sediments tend to be sourced locally. The sediments repeatedly show sourcing from the Odenwald which is characterised by a high percentage of green hornblende in the heavy mineral fraction. As part of the Heidelberg Basin research programme, one of the main purposes of this borehole was to analyse the Pleistocene “Normal Facies” of the northern Upper Rhine Graben, i.e. a sedimentary sequence subject to minimum disturbance, largely unaffected during the Pleistocene by material sourced from the graben margins or smaller tributaries. The Pleistocene sedimentary sequence consists of three units: a thin horizon with reworked Pliocene material is overlain by ten cycles each beginning erosively with gravely sandy sediments and ending with siltyargillaceous to in part peat-like sediments. Internal cycles can also be identified, amongst other features. A characteristic aspect is the green-grey, strongly calcareous, micaceous and well sorted, fi ne to medium sands of the Rhine. These are dominated by the Rhine Group (garnet, epidote, green hornblende and alterite) in the heavy mineral fraction. These sediments are classifi ed as the “Rhenish Facies”. The upper Pleistocene sedimentary sequences at the top of the Viernheim research borehole are dominated by several fi ning-upward and in part coarsening-upward sequences. The deposits in this part of the well are dominated by gravel deposited by the Neckar. The heavy mineral distribution of the sand fraction reveals, however, that there was mixing with Rhenish sediments. Weichselian to Holocene aeolian sands form the topmost part of the well section. The stratigraphic classifi cation of the Pleistocene sedimentary sequences is still uncertain in parts. The Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary is placed at 225 m because of the characteristic change in facies. Due to lithostratigraphic correlations with sediments within the Lower Rhine Embayment, a larger unconformity at the depth of 225 m must be accepted. Research carried out in the area around the well indicates that the youngest fine-clastic section penetrated by the well between 39.76 and 58.55 m is of Cromerian age.