The Kemel Heath (Kemeler Heide) in the Lower Taunus Mts. was used as a heath until the early 19th century. Today, it is the most densely wooded area of the German state Hesse (about 60 %). The history of the regional landscape and the land-use patterns of this area in the last 2500 years will be reconstructed by different methods and considering relicts, which have been preserved in the forest. For reconstructing the former situation, three deserted agriculture areas with well recognizable field balks under forest were investigated for the first time by 14C and OSL dating, sediment analysis and mapping. Furthermore, points of interest were the traces of Early Modern charcoal burning. For this purpose, we reconstructed the spectra of tree-species of the burned wood and dated it by 14C. In addition, we dated the formation of two former slag heaps, of a medieval refuge castle, and calculated the sedimentation rate of a small colluvial filling of a slope depression that was deposited since the Roman times. Regarding the results, there are clear traces of land use during the Iron Age and Roman Period, and strong impacts during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period. Thus, it is likely, that the deforestation in the investigated area was much higher during these periods than previously believed. Most of the field balks originate from the High Middle Ages. In contrast, during the Early Modern Period, the landscape was predominantly pastureland.